Childhood & Design
Covid-19, together with job insecurity and the absence of welfare policies, has accelerated a drop in birth rates.
The Institute for Health Metrics at the University of Washington notes that the global fertility rate has gone from 4.7 children per woman in 1950 to 2.4 in 2017, further estimating it to reach 1.7 by 2100. In Italy, over the last twenty years, there has been a decline of 28%, the exceptions being only in the provinces of Bolzano and Parma.
On the other hand, countries such as Sweden, with an effective welfare system, have managed to curb the decline in the birth rate. Although some look favorably on the decline in births in terms of sustainability, there is no doubt that it would mainly imply a world with prevalence towards the elderly, with related complex effects on the entire social fabric.
The economic situation and the lack of widespread policies postpone family planning. In Europe, in the seventies, people had their first child at 23.5, while today this occurs around 29.